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Little Rock Ninegroup of African American high-school students who challenged racial segregation in the public schools of Little RockArkansas. The events that followed their enrollment in Little Rock Central High School provoked intense national debate about racial segregation and civil rights.
Board of Educationwhich had declared segregated schooling to be unconstitutional.
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Warned by the Little Rock board of education not to attend the first day of school, the nine African American students arrived on the second day accompanied by a small interracial group of ministers. They encountered a large white mob in front of the school, who began shouting, throwing stones, and threatening to kill the students.
Faubus had declared his opposition to integration and his intention to defy a federal court order requiring desegregation. The confrontation in Little Rock drew international attention to racism and civil rights in the United States as well as to the battle between federal and state power.
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Dwight D. They were eventually discovered, however, and white protesters became violent, attacking African American bystanders as well as reporters for northern newspapers. The students were sent home, but they returned on September 25, protected by U. The Little Rock Nine continued to face physical and verbal attacks from white students throughout their studies at Central High.
One of the students, Minnijean Brown, fought back and was expelled. The remaining eight students, however, attended the school for the rest of the academic year. Little Rock Central High School did not reopen with a desegregated student body untiland efforts to integrate schools and other public areas throughout the country continued through the s.
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By Gerald D. Jaynes View Edit History. See all media.
Date: c. August - c. June Show more Context: Brown v.
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Board of Education of Topeka Show more. Full Article.
Daisy Bates standing, second from right and the Little Rock Nine. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Racial segregationthe practice of restricting people to certain circumscribed areas of residence or to separate institutions e. Racial segregation provides a means of maintaining the economic advantages and superior social status of the…. Little Rockcity, capital of Arkansas, U. It is the seat of Pulaski county, on the Arkansas River in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains in the central part of the state.
Civil rightsguarantees of equal social opportunities and equal protection under the law, regardless of race, religion, or other personal characteristics. Examples of civil….
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